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SIlk Road Adventure Tour - Wild Routes of the SIlk Road

 

Tour Code: А 90

 

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

The history of Great Silk Way

 

  In the 2nd century B.C., the Chinese military, were in dire need for horses, and in one of prospecting campaigns to Central Asia they found out that in the Fergana Valley there are cities in which it is possible to purchase beautiful racers, and was also noticed that there is no silk-weaving craft. On all this it was reported on the emperor.

  The emperor made the decision to send to the west caravans with silk, porcelain and bronze products, and to exchange them for beautiful horses, wine, fruit and other interesting goods for China. In 121 the first camel caravan with silk to the Fergana oasis through the Tourist's fan valley was poisoned BC. Shortly trade was interrupted because of revolts in China, and it laid the foundation for development of other directions of a silk way.

  Formation of the Great silk way exerted a great influence on development of economy, cultures of many countries through which it passed, including India, China, the countries of Central Asia and the Middle East. The great silk way served as knowledge transfer (architecture, music, art), religions (the Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Manichaeism), technologies (production of silk, gunpowder, paper, etc.).

  Besides silk on the Great silk way carried horses, gold, silver, gemstones, products from skin and wool, carpets and fabrics, fruit, porcelain, ware, cosmetics, tea, spices, rice, spices and many other things.The great silk way became less popular after opening of sea navigation between continents in the 15th century. Presently throughout the Great silk way the highways connecting as well as in the ancient time, trade ways — the West and the East are paved. The part of these roads passes through big and hot deserts where on many hundreds of kilometers, yet, there is no civilization.

  Silk and products from it accompany the person many thousands of years. For various reasons the silk industry endured take-off and falls, decrease in interest in silk was replaced by "silk fevers", rose and the prices of silk goods fell, but also today silk - the main raw materials for the most various industries of the national economy, and we still should open new opportunities of its application.

 

The silkworm breeding history traces the roots back deep into centuries. The secret of production of silk is opened by Chinese more than four years of the millennia back. However, many researchers postpone this time on one thousand years, and Fava and Witt, the famous Western European silkworm breeders of the last century, claim that the silk received from cocoons of a silkworm is known in China 7000 years.

  In the IV-VI centuries production of silk stops being monopoly of China, Central Asia, Korea, Japan, India meet him. About whether silkworm breeding in these countries independently arose, or got from China and if it was borrowed, then in what way, almost nothing is known. In this respect there are only numerous legends and assumptions.

 

To Europe (originally to Spain) silkworm breeding is sent, most likely, through Byzantium and the Arab countries. Till 8th century silk was known in many states, but only as the goods given from the distant countries. Wide circulation in Europe silkworm breeding, in the true sense this word, received only in the 13th century.

  The silk way exerted huge impact on forming of the political, economic, cultural system of the countries through which it passed. Along all its routes there were large and small trade cities and settlements, and especially speckled by caravan tracks was Central Asia. This region was crossed by tens of trade routes. There were major ethnic processes, active interaction of cultures, large-scale trading activities were performed, diplomatic contracts and the military alliances were concluded. The people of this region possess an outstanding role in distribution of the alphabetic letter and world religions, many cultural and technical achievements to the countries of Internal Asia and the Far East.

  The people of many countries aim to study roots of the history today, to understand sources of spirituality, the national participation in world culture. And therefore strengthening of scientific and public interest in the Great Silk Way, the idea of its revival as most important channel of interaction of cultural, commercial, tourist ties isn't accidental in recent years at all.

 

The great Silk Way is of unique cultural value for mankind. Therefore UNESCO pays special attention not only to studying, but also preserving huge heritage of the huge heritage left the ancient people to present generations.

 

Kyrgyzstan and Silk way

 

  Many caravan routes on the Great Silk Way have changed, only the main directions from the East to the west and from the West to the east remained the same. But in Kyrgyzstan the route passed across the same places where and a century ago, because of proximity to Tian-Shansky and Pamir mountains. In the Middle Ages through the territory of modern Kyrgyzstan there passed the following routes of the Great Silk way – Pamiro-Alaysky, Fergana, Chuya. The first branch passed from Termez through Samarkand, along inflow and was brought Kyzyl-Suu to Alay to Kashgar.

  The Fergana branch conducted from Samarkand through Hodzhent to the city of Osh. Osh was the main intermediate trade point from where caravans went further on Kashgar through the pass Torugart. The third branch passed from Zamin Rabata to Tashkent, Ispedzhab, Taraz, Nuzket (Kara-Balta) and Balasagyna (Snow-storm). From here caravans went through the Boomsky canyon on Issyk Kul, and further to China through the San and Tashsky pass. On the way of caravans the rich cities, trade and craft settlements, caravanserais - Dzhul, Suyab, the New dawg, Balasagyn, Borskoon, Tash Rabat, Osh, Uzgen began to arise and blossom. Thus, medieval Kyrgyzstan became one of the cultural centers of the ancient Turkic people.

  Still the territory of Kyrgyzstan stores these memoirs in the form of the monuments located on the Great Silk Way: Kumbez Manas, caravanserai Tash Rabat (9th century), Tower of the Snow-storm, Gore Suleyman (Suleyman LLP), Uzgensky architectural complex, mausoleum Shah-Fazil.

 

Destination: Tajikistan-Uzbekistan

 

Places of Visit: Tuya Asuu pass, Tonnel, Tian Shian mountains, Toktogul water reservoir, mountain road to Kyzyl oi, Kokomeren river, Kyzyl Korgon canyons, Song kul lake, Kara Keche pass, Moldo Ashuu pass, Kazarman village, Kok art pass, Arslanbob, Osh city, Bishkek city, Doushanbe city, Pamir mountains, afgan border, Wakhan zone, GBAO.Dushanbe - Gorge Bodkhona- Chapdara pass- Alouddin lake- Deception pass- Laudan pass-Kulikalon Lakes- Chukurak pass- Chukurak lake- village Artuch- Khujand- border Oybek- Tashkent - Bukhara -Samarkand – Tashkent

 

Best time to Travel: April – October

 

Category: Adventure and historical tour

 

Detailed itinerary:

 

Day 1 Bishkek-Toktogul (320 km).

 

First of all we’re going to to go to bank to exchange the currency, on the way we call on Osh bazaar most popular in Central Asia. Then we cross eco-post after which you will see winding mountain road on the Tuya-Ashuu top 3350 m the tunnel 3 km length. After passing the tunnel we may have lunch enjoying the view. We cross next pass Ala bel 3184 m, and we drive along the beautiful Chychkan canyon. In the afternoon we arrive in Toktogul city. Walking to the lake. In the evening local fish dinner. Night in local house, Kyrgyz style.

 

 

Day 2. Toktogul-pass Kyrk-kyz – Kyzyl oi (250 km)

 

We have a wonderful day of real off road. Driving some kilometers on asphalt we turn to the east. We cross hills and pastures; we meet nomads and yurts on the way. Picnic on the way. The culmination of the day is Kyrk Kyz pass 3223 m. We drive down to Kyzyl oi village, where we install for the night in local house. In the evening walking in the mountain village and meet locals.

 

 

Day 3. Kyzyl oi-Kyzyl Korgon-Song kul (230 km)

 

In the morning we visit the small waterfall, 30 min walk. After breakfast we go to Song Kul Lake via Karakeche pass. Before driving up to the pass we stop in Chaek village center to buy fresh vegetables and fruits and to refill our tanks.  Picnic on Karakeche pass 3384m. On the way we make photo stops, acquaintance with nomads. In the evening we walk to petroglyphs and after to the lake.  Dinner and overnight in yurt.

Conditions of the road: First part of the road is going throw the mountain villages of Kyrgyzstan. Sometimes asphalted. When we turn towards Song kul lake, the road becomes unpaved but still in good condition. The coal mine is on the way to Song Kul Lake. If it is raining the route could be difficult as we are driving up on clay. FWD. needed.

 

Day 4. Song-kul-Kazarman (200 km)

 

In the morning transfer to Kazarman village via Moldo Asuu pass 3201 m. A great view is waiting us from the pass. Driving down via mountain snake road. We are turning right before crossing Naryn river. We are crossing hills and small passes. The wild valley of Naryn river is rich with falcons and wolfs. Arrive in Kazarman village, night in local house.

 

Day 5. Kazarman-Arslanbob (240 km)

 

Drive to the most famous worldwide walnut forest-Arslanbob via Kokart pass 3300 m. We cross the border between Naryn region and Jalal abad region, the Ferghan ridge. We drive down to green Ferghana valley, we see walnuts and fruit trees everywhere. We arrive in Jalal abad city, where we will have lunch in Uzbek chaickana (national type of restaurants). Visit green bazaar of Jalal abad. Continue the road along the border with Uzbekistan to Arslanbob mountain village. Arrive in Arslanbob, walking to the waterfall. National dinner in local family. 

 

 

Day 6. Arslan bob-Osh (210km)

 

In the morning transfer to Osh city. On the way visit Uzgen historical complex. Arrive in Osh. Добавитьсититур.

 

Day 7. Osh-karakul (320km).

 

In the morning transfer to Karakul. We start driving from Fergana valley which is green and reach of life. You will have several passes: Chyiryk (2408), Taldyk (3619m), Kyzyl art (4280m). On the way lunch. Walk around Karakul Lake (3960m). Dinner and overnight in Tajik family.

 

Day 8. Karakul-Bulunkul Lake (200km).

 

In the morning after breakfast we drive to Bulunkul Lake to Pmiri settlement near Bulunkul Lake (3914m). Bulunkul Lake is one of the coldest places on earth -63 according to statistics. Walk around Bulunkul Lake on the sand, meet shepherds and fishermen. Dinner and overnight at local people in yurt.

 

Day 9. Bulunkul Lake-Yamg (160km).

 

I the morning transfer to Yamg the motherland of local scientist, calligraphy and musician Suphy Muborakkadam. In Yamg village we are invited by hospitable Pamir’s Tajik family. We will experience unusual architecture of Pamir Tajik’s houses, its way of life, culture peculiarities. Dinner and overnight in national style in Pamir house.

 

Day 10. Yamg-Khorog (226km).

 

In the morning after breakfast transfer to Khorog. Spending a day in Khorog gives you time to visit the local history museum and explore the market. You may also like to relax with an afternoon sunset drinking local tea at the bank of rushing river. Dinner and overnight at local people.

 

Day 11. Khorog-Kalaikumb (242km).

 

In the morning after breakfast we return to the main road driving back to Kalaikumb where the scenery continues to be majestic with valleys and peaks all around. Kalaikumb is almost surrounded by The Pamir Mountains over 6000m and have fantastic shapes, waterfalls cross the road, all the nature atmosphere makes the cross exotic. Dinner and overnight at local people.

 

Day 12. Kalaikumb-Dushanbe (380km).

 

In the morning after breakfast transfer to Dushanbe the capital of Tajikistan. We may visit Botanical garden with many old trees, Tajikistan’s united museum that includes the exhibits of history, natural history. Dinner in local chaikhana. Overnight in guesthouse.

 

Day 13. Dushanbe - Bodkhona Valley (2300m). (Transfer by car 4-5h).

 

Arrival in Dushanbe, transfer and accommodation in national house. After breakfast sightseeing: Buddha Museum, Somoni square. Lunch time.

After lunch, drive from Dushanbe to gorge Bodkhona by car. Arriving in the valley, camping (the road will take you about 4-5 hours by car -200 km.). Dinner and overnight in camping.

 

Day 14. Bodkhona gorge (2400m) - Chapdara Pass (3400m) - Alouddin Lake (2750m).

 

After breakfast, hike to the gorge Bodkhona, crossing the pass Chapdara. Picnic on the way. The descent to the lake Alouddin. Dinner and overnight in tents. (Travel time 5-6 hours. 12 km). 3 day. Bodkhona gorge (2400m) - Chapdara Pass (3400m) - Alouddin Lake (2750m).

After breakfast, hike to the gorge Bodkhona, crossing the pass Chapdara. Picnic on the way. The descent to the lake Alouddin. Dinner and overnight in tents. (Travel time 5-6 hours. 12 km).

 

Day 15. Alaudin Lake (2750 m) - Deception Pass (3300 m) and Laudan Pass (3628m) - Kulikalon Lakes (2800m)

 

After breakfast, going across Deception pass and Laudan pass to Kulikalon lakes. Campsite on the shores of the lake Bibizhannat. Dinner and overnight in tents. (Travel time 6-7 hours. 18 km).

 

Day 16. Kulikalon Lakes (2800m) - Chukurak Pass (3165m) - Chukurak Lake (2450 m) - The village Artuch (1850m).

 

After breakfast, we going over the pass Chukurak, the descent to the lake Chukurak.Picnic on the shore of the lake. Continued tracking to the village Artuch (Travel time 6- 7 hours. 18 km).

 

Day 17. Selenie Artuch-Khujand-border Oibek-Tashkent

 

Early breakfast.  Then you departure to the border Oybek in Khujand city. Lunch in Khujand. (Transfer by car- about 6 hours. 380 km.) When you cross the border, our driver and guide will meet you there, in Uzbekistan. Transfer to Tashkent, the capital of our country.

Situated on the «North border » of old Maveranakhr. in the fertile valley of the river Chirchik. Many times ago this place was chosen by khazakhs, nomads and sogdian people as one of the best places fortrading. The city had different names since its foundation in the 2nd century BC: Tchotch, Shash and Binkent. When the Arabs took control of the city in 751, it still was an important center on the Silk Road. In the XI C, the city was renamed Tashkent (Stone Town in Turkish). At the beggining of 13th century Tashkent was occupied by Chingizkhan’s army and therefore the city was almost destroyed, and to population greatly reduced. During Timurid's time, Tashkent was rebuilt, but most monuments we have in Tashent now are from Sheybanid’s epocue (16 c).

Arrival and accommodation in the hotel. Today you will discover:

  • The Independence Square and the Monument to the high Courage in memory of the victims of the earthquake of 1966,
  • Amir Temur Square and the statue of Timur on horseback, who replaced the Karl Marx soon after independence
  • the Alisher Navoi Theatre Opera and Ballet

Lunch during the tour.

Continuation of the visit of the all Khazret Iman square, it’s a very important religious center of the town which includes several buildings as:

  • Barak Khan madrassah, center of the Grand Mufti of Central Asia.
  • The Tellya Sheikh mosque contains the remains of the Caliph Osman Koran dating from the 7th century.This is the oldest and best preserved to this day. In small adjoining rooms you can admire the exhibition of calligraphy from the Koran from different eras.
  • The Kaffal Shashi Mausoleum, was built in 1541 over the tomb of Abu Chachi, a leading local Islamic prophet.

Accommodation in the hotel.

Dinner and overnight.

 

Day 18 Tashkent- Bukhara

 

In the morning, you have transfer to the domestic airport and then flight to Bukhara. Arrive in BOUKHARA,the "city museum". There are more than 360 mosques here. Oasis in the centre of the red Kyzyl Kum desert, the city has retained an oriental mind. Before people called this city as "The Pearl of Islam", Bukhara is one of the most charming places of your journey.

Bukhara is a summary of the whole architecture of Central Asia. Accommodation in the hotel. Lunch. After lunch you will see beautiful Bukhara. Madrassah Miri-Arab, Madrassah Ulugbek and Abdulazizkhan, Lyabi Hauz complex (XVI-XVII), Kukeldash Madrassah (1568), Arc Fortress (VI-VIIcc). Free time. Dinner and overnight in the hotel. BLD.

 

Day 19 Bukharа

 

After breakfast we continue with the city tour. Bukhara is the real Oriental fairy-tale, city with small romantic streets, which unsurpassed has preserved the beauty and charm of the ancient walls. Monuments here are located close to each other and that's why sightseeing tour will be organized without use of vehicle. Today you will see: Samanids' dynasty mausoleum (IX-X cc), Chashma-Ayub burial-vault (XIV-XIX cc), Chor-Minor Madrassah, Kalon ensembleDon't forget to visit trade domes of ancient Bukhara bazaar-even in case you won't buy any souvenir or Bukhara ancient adornment (that is highly unlikely)you will get many pleasant impressions and gain extensive insight about Orient and its inhabitants. Overnight at the group hotel in Bukhara.

 

Day 20 Bukhara-Samarkand

Today after breakfast we start from Bukhara to Samarkand. Capital of Timur (Tamerlan) empire, Samarkand was theprincipal city of the antique Sogdiane. Itthrived with the crossroads of the commercialmain roads coming from China, of Siberia, ofPerse and Occident, to thesurge of the Mongolian hordes of GengisKhan which destroyed the city beforerebuilding it on ashes of the suburbs. Thehour of glory of Samarkand occurredtwo centuries later, when Timour made Samarkand thecapital of his empire. Lunch and accommodation in the hotel. Then you have free time, just for walk and make some photo. Dinner in traditional restaurant. Overnight in the hotel. BLD

Day 21 Samarkand

Breakfast in the hotel. This day we start with marvelous madrasasof the Registan(XV-XV-XVIIe century) decorated with dazzlingmosaic, will enable us to better determine the multiple influences which mark theevolution of Timourides architecture. After the famous mosque of Bibi Khanum, it isthe glory of Timourides, unforgettable mausoleum Shakhi-Zinda. At side of the mausoleum of Roukhabad raises up the Gour-Emir, the tomb ofthe greatest conqueror contains the remaining of Timur, his sons and his grandsons.Also you will see famous Eastern Bazaar Siab and other beautiful places in Samarkand. Dinner. Overnight.

 

Day 22 Samarkand- Tashkent

 

Breakfast at the hotel. Continue of sightseeing tour in "Eden of the Orient"- that name was given to Samarkand by the philosophers and poets of the past. Today you will see this famous city in all its beauty: The Museum of Samarkand presents us the history of the Central Asia and the observatory of Oulougbek(XVe), built on the Kouhak hill shows us the attractivepersonality of the grandson of Timour, sovereign, poet, philosopher and astronomer and the tomb of Saint Daniel. After lunch transfer to railway station and you start to Tashkent by Afrosiab train at 17:00.  Arriving in the capital. Dinner. Overnight in Tashkent in the hotel.

 

Day 23 Tashkent-Your country

 

Breakfast in the hotel and transfer to the airport. Flight to your city.

 

The prices

Tour price in dollars USD per person for 2015
Number of participants Tour price per person in USD with accommodation in 3* hotels
2 pax 5066 $
3-4 pax 3686 $
5-6 pax 3008 $
7-8 pax 2781 $
9-10 pax 2580 $
Single supplement in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan 381 $

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In price included:

  • All transfers during the tour
  • Local guide during whole tour
  • A total of 11 nights with accommodation in double rooms at hotels 3* and guest houses
  • Train Afrosiab-economy-type from Samarkand to Tashkent
  • Flight Tashkent-Bukhara
  • Entrance fees for all monuments
  • Full board meals

 

What's not included:

  • International flights
  • international and local flights in Tajikistan
  • Travel insurance
  • Consular visa fees

    Group visa for Tajikistan, $ 35 per person

    Single supplement in Dushanbe - $ 20 per person.

    During tracking $ 4 per day for each member of the group on forest fees (6 days).

    Visa and visa support

  • Fees for using a camera and photo at the monuments
  • Alcohol and mineral water
  • Tips

 

Сar rental in Kyrgyzstan

 

Car A/C Place in the car/ for tourists Photo
Jeep + 5/2-3 pax  car
Hyundai Starex + 7/4 pax  jeep2
Mercedes Sprinter 4WD + 18/12 pax  jeep3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Transport in Uzbekistan

For 2 pax: Chevrolet Lacetti

0 00

For 3-4 pax:Hyundai Grand Starex

000 0000

For 5-7pax:Toyota Hiace

00000                       

For 7-9: Joylong bus

000000

For 10-14 pax: Zhongtongbus

01 02

For 15-20 pax: Yutong bus

003 002

For 25-30 pax: Zhongtongbus LCK6107

000000000 0000000000

 

 

Lake_Karakul_in_tajikistan.JPGMinaret_in_the_Uzgen.JPGAncient_structure_in_the_uzgen.JPGRoad_kazarman_arslanbob.JPGHarvesting_of_seeds.JPGTerrace_guest_house_in_Arslanbob.JPGDSC_3283.JPGDSC_3284.JPGKhorog.JPGMurgab.JPGRoad_sary_tash-_Lenin_peak.JPGLenin_Peak.JPGJust_a_beautiful_road.JPGBorder_of_tajikistan_and_kyrgyzstan_with_an_altitude_of_4280_meters.JPGDSC_3334.JPGDSC_3330.JPGAfghan_village1.JPGAfghan_village.JPGNational_Pamirian_dances_in_the_Khorog.JPGentre_Yang_et_KhorogB___forteresse_Yamtchoun.JPGDSC_3316.JPGMuseum_in_khorog.JPGMurgab_1.JPGRiver_Paynj.JPGGraze_donkeys.JPGentre_Kalai_Khum_et_DouchanbéPalais_forteresse_Houlbouk.JPGBazaar_in_the_murgab.JPGBazaar_on_the_Afghan_territory.JPGA_monument_to_scholars_in_Dushanbe.JPGLac_Alauddin.JPGFlag_of_tajikistan.JPGOriental_color_at_the_bazaar_in_Dushanbe.JPGSpices_in_the_bazaar_in_Dushanbe.JPGFruit_in_the_bazaar_in_Dushanbe.JPGiskander_kul_lake.JPGYurts.JPGDSCN1296.JPGGas_filling.JPGIssyk_cul_lake.JPGYurts_near_the_issyk_cul_lake.JPGView_of_the_Issyk_Cul_lake1.JPGView_of_the_Issyk_Cul_lake.JPGLake_song_cul.JPGView_from_the_pass_Moldo_ashuu.JPG

 

Map:

mao j2

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